Financial and Securities Regulation Information
What comes to mind when you hear financial and securities regulation? Regulations set out the manner in which things must be done. A central regulator, which could be a government or non-government facility, is placed in charge of certain regulations. Regulations are necessary to bring order in certain operations.
The are various reasons why the financial and securities industry needs to be regulated. One of the benefits of regulating the securities industry is because it avoids economic instability in financial institutions. Regulation of the financial and securities market ensures there is promotion of goods ethics in the handling of financial details. Industry players will be able to increase the number of products they deal with if there is proper regulation in the financial and securities industry. Many people will not have doubts when taking part in financial and securities transactions if there is ideal regulation. It is good for you to know that the regulation of the financial industry is important to shield consumers from industry manipulation.
Who regulates financial and securities markets? You will understand financial and securities regulation if you study financial law. Different countries have different financial regulators. It is good for you to know that financial regulators can be depended on governments or not. There are different financial regulators in the United States. Other countries have their own financial regulators, for example, the UK has the BoE, PRA, and the FCA, Japan has FSA, Germany has the FFSA, France has the AMF, China has the CBRC, CIRC, and CSRC, among other regulators.
Financial and securities institutions include stock exchange companies, investment organizations, banks, financial service providers, among others. Securities include debt securities such as bonds and debentures, equity securities such as common stock, and derivatives such as futures, forwards, swaps and options. The financial market has a broad range of products.
As a financial industry player, you need to understand all the laws that govern the financial market. The laws vary from country to country. The United States financial and securities market is regulated by a number of financial laws. You should fully understand all the regulations of the Securities Act of 1933 in the United States. The main aim of the Securities Act of 1933 is to make all the financial securities information available. The other objective of this act is the prevention of fraud involved in the trading of financial securities in the United States.
The securities market in the USA is also regulated by the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. This act gives the Securities Exchange Commission the mandate to govern various aspects of the securities market. The other law is the Trust Indenture Act of 1939 which regulates debt securities. Other laws applicable in the United States are the Investment Company Act of 1940, Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012, Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, Investment Advisers Act of 1940, and the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010.